Your roof is one of the largest surface areas of your home and protects the interior of your house from the constant exposure to weather conditions. For this reason, a damaged roof can cause all sorts of problems for the interior of your home, including structural damage, water damage and staining, higher energy bills and lower comfort levels, and even mold and mildew growth and all of the health risks that they carry with them. Luckily, there are a couple of warning signs that your roof may exhibit that can tell you the best time to get in touch with a roofing contractor for necessary repairs before the problems grow significantly worse.
1. Shingle Damage
Like all types of construction materials, age and general wear will cause shingles to break down over time. Watch out for shingles that have literally been ripped out of your roof, either due to improper fastening or high winds, which can allow water to easily enter your home. Further, you want to make sure that shingles have not split, twisted, or otherwise shifted within the general layout, as irregularities can also allow water to enter your home. Finally, keep an eye out for small black granules: these will wear off of asphalt shingles over time as they degrade, and a high concentration of these grains in your gutters or in your yard points to the age and general deterioration of your shingles, which may require repair or replacement.
2. Gutter and Downspout Damage
The other components of your roof that deserve a great deal of attention are your gutters and downspouts. You want to make sure that no rust has set into any sections, as rusting can allow water to run down your siding and drain into your basement, greatly increasing the risk of water damage occurring. Furthermore, keep an eye out for gutters that have begun to pull away from the sides of your home: these gutters desperately need to be cleaned out and refastened, or even replaced, in order to properly drain water away from your home again.
3. Flashing Damage
Finally, you should also take a look at the installations on top of your roof to see if the flashing, which is the metal seal that runs along the base of your chimney, vents, and other installations, has become damaged. Rusting, pulling, splitting, and any other form of damage can allow small amounts of water to enter your home. In the case of masonry chimneys, this water can speed up the crumbling of the bricks, creating structural issues within your home as well. For metal roofing vents and fans, this water can also cause rusting, which can wear out these components very quickly as well unless properly addressed.
Contact a company like Darnell Construction for more information and assistance.